Den 23. januar 1944 døde Edvard Munch etter kort tids sykeleie, i sin villa på Ekely i Oslo. Fire år tidligere hadde han testamentert alle sine etterlatte kunstverk til Oslo kommune.
Den rikholdige gaven kommunen mottok besto av rundt 1.100 malerier, nærmere 18.000 grafiske blad fordelt på om lag 700 motiver, 7.500 tegninger og akvareller samt seks skulpturer. I tillegg kom nærmere 500 trykkplater, 2.240 bøker, notatbøker, dokumenter, fotografier, kunstnerverktøy, rekvisita og møbler. Ytterligere kunstverk av Edvard Munch og hans omfattende brevsamling ble testamentert til Oslo kommune av hans søster Inger Munch, og tilfalt Munch-samlingen da hun døde i 1952.
Munchsamlingen rommer per i dag mer enn halvparten av Munchs malerier og de aller fleste av hans grafiske motiver. Den omfattende samlingen gir Munchmuseet en særstilling som monografisk museum internasjonalt, og gir et svært godt grunnlag for spesialutstillinger i museet og for en utstrakt utstillingsvirksomhet over hele verden.
Allerede i 1927 var Edvard Munch involvert i diskusjoner med Nasjonalgalleriets direktør Jens Thiis om et fremtidig Munchmuseum. I 1946 forelå endelig en beslutning fra Oslo kommunes side om at et Munchmuseum skulle bygges. Diskusjonene om beliggenheten verserte fra første dag: Skulle det ligge ved Vigelandsanlegget på Frogner eller i sentrum, like ved Slottet? Eller kanskje burde det ligge på Grünerløkka der kunstneren hadde tilbrakt viktige år av barndommen?
Midt på 1950-tallet ble det klart at museet skulle ligge øst i byen – på Tøyen. I mai 1963, hundre år etter kunstnernes fødsel, åpnet museet i arkitektene Einar Myklebust og Gunnar Fougners – etter datidens standard – svært moderne bygning. Museet ble utvidet med to fløyer i 1994, etter tegninger av Myklebust og Fougner.
Under finner du engelsk informasjon om utstillingene i 2017:
EMMA AND EDVARD – LOVE IN THE TIME OF LONELINESS (January 28 – April 17)
In Gustave Flaubert’s groundbreaking novel Madame Bovary, Emma Bovary’s penchant for romantic dreams leads her to marital infidelity and ends in tragedy. In an audio-visual interaction between Munch’s art and Flaubert’s text, we can see surprising connections and gain new perspectives on the respective works, and – if we let it – also on our own lives.
For the first time, the works of Edvard Munch are being exhibited together with a comprehensive video installation. Madame B (2014) has been created by Michelle Williams Gamaker together with the internationally renowned culture theorist, artist and curator Mieke Bal, who is also curator of this exhibition.
Madame B is a modern interpretation of Flaubert’s 1856 novel. By juxtaposing Edvard Munch’s works and the video installations, the modernity of Munch’s works is brought into focus. Through this confrontation, we are challenged to reflect upon how we view one another in social contexts. ￼￼￼￼
The installation comprises eight video installations together with around 88 of Munch’s works – both well-known works as well as rarely exhibited paintings and graphic works.
TOWARDS THE FOREST – KNAUSGÅRD ON MUNCH (May 6 - October 8)
Experience Edvard Munch as seen through the eyes of Karl Ove Knausgård. Knausgård is curating this summer’s exhibition, which will feature many paintings, graphic prints and sculptures that have never been exhibited previously. The exhibition takes the form of a journey from light and harmony through darkness and chaos – returning finally to a controllable reality.
Karl Ove Knausgård‘s aim with the exhibition is to emphasise key sides of Munch’s artistry without being bound by biography or chronology: “I want to exhibit unknown pictures on the premise that I believe it is possible for us to experience Munch as if viewing him for the first time as that he was: a painter who never found inner calm, and who never became stale.”
The exhibition will include more than 100 paintings and 30 graphic works, many of which are being brought out of storage for the first time. Knausgård’s objective is to foster moods and tones that will be picked up by visitors as they move between the halls. The exhibition begins in the outer world in a room filled with light and sun with motifs of people in parks and gardens. In the next section, the people gradually disappear from the motifs. Knausgård explains: “The empty landscapes left behind are ambivalent spaces – the loneliness within the deserted landscapes meets the force and wildness of nature. For Munch, the forest was not only a place where something ended, but it was also a place where something began.”
HEAD BY HEAD – CRONQVIST|BJØRLO|MUNCH (October 28 – January 28, 2018)
Per Inge Bjørlo and Lena Cronqvist are two of the most pivotal artists in the Nordic region. Their meeting with Munch results in a powerful exhibition that studies and illuminates the loneliness, the fragility and the sorrow within human existence.
The exhibition’s title, Head by Head , has been taken from a painting by Munch. The imbalance in the expressions of the two heads says much about the complex relationship between human beings and depicts how difficult it can be to achieve mutual trust, security and affinity. This psychological tension can be seen as a metaphor for the entire exhibition, as Bjørlo and Cronqvist explore and render visible the loneliness, fragility and sadness that is present in our modern existence. ￼
The exhibition consists of paintings, graphic works, drawings, sculptures and a full-room ￼installation created by Bjørlo especially for the occasion. Never before have the works of ￼Cronqvist been exhibited in Norway to such an extent as in the exhibition Cronqvist | Bjørlo | ￼Munch.
Utstillinger og åpningstider
- January 28 – April 17: EMMA AND EDVARD – LOVE IN THE TIME OF LONELINESS
- April 18 - May 2: Highlights of the Edvard Munch collection (mini exhibition)
- May 1 & 3-5: CLOSED (change of exhibition)
- May 6 - October 8: TOWARDS THE FOREST – KNAUSGÅRD ON MUNCH
- May 17: CLOSED (Norwegian Constitution Day)
- October 9 – 24: Highlights of the Edvard Munch collection (mini exhibition)
- October 25 - 27: CLOSED (change of exhibition)
- October 28 – January 28 2018: HEAD BY HEAD – CRONQVIST|BJØRLO|MUNCH
- December 23 – 26 & 31: CLOSED (Christmas Holidays)
Hvordan komme seg til Munchmuseet
- T-bane: Alle østgående linjer til Tøyen (2 stopp fra Oslo Sentral Station)
- Buss: Buss nr. 20 til "Munchmuseet"